Is the Gaze Behavior During Stair Walking Affected by Pregnancy?-Figure 2. Eye-tracking glasses image showing the gaze location during stair ascent
At each data collection, participants walked the same U-shaped staircase descending a 22- treads (riser: 0.16 m, run: 0.33 m, and width: 1.15 m), making a short U-turn downstairs and ascending back the staircase, one tread at a time (Figure 1). Only the data of stair walking were taken for further analysis. The staircase was equipped with a handrail on one side but none of the participants used it. To monitor the gaze a SensoMotoric Instruments (SMI) eye-tracking glasses (ETG) system (SMI, Inc.) at a frequency of 60 frames per second and 1280x960 pixel picture was used. Calibration was performed using a matrix of 3 points placed on a board in different highs and different horizontal placement. Mean gaze vectors of the right eye (x, y, z) for stair descent and stair ascent were obtained for each data collection session. Gaze vector x, y, z starts at the eye and heads off in mediolateral, up and down, and anterior-posterior direction, respectively (Figure 2) (Haffegee, Alexandrov, & Barrow, 2007; Scheel, & Staadt, 2015).