What students answer when discussing about citation practices

This document explain how data were generated and how to interpret them.   


But if you want to combine data with other datasets, feel free to use them as if they were published under CC0 license.   
Data were published in February 2017. At that time, Zenodo only provided CC BY, CC BY-SA, CC BY-NC, CC BY-ND and CC BY-NC-ND. No CC0 option was available.


The 21 recorded sessions took place between February 2013 and December 2016.   
Data were collected using Turning Technologies' remote controls (called *clickers*) and TurningPoint software.

The 4 versions of the quiz used during these 4 years are provided in the 'quizzes' folder for information purpose (in PDF and Powerpoint formats).

Turning Technologies records data in a closed format (.tpzx) that can be exported and converted them into 3 formats provided here (these 3 files contain the same data):

* Excel (.xslx)
* Comma-spearated values (.csv)
* SQLite (.sqlite)

The first one was directly exported from TurningPoint and is provided for Excel users who can't read CSV correctly.   
CSV was converted from Excel and is provided for non-Excel users.   
Finally, SQLite is provided in order to apply different sorting and filters to the data. It can be read using SQLite manager for Firefox ([https://addons.mozilla.org/en-US/firefox/addon/sqlite-manager/](https://addons.mozilla.org/en-US/firefox/addon/sqlite-manager/)).


Here is the name, the meaning and the possible values of the columns (name - meaning [possible values]). If students didn't answer the question, the value is '-'.   

Session - session number (chronological) [1 to 21]
AcademicYear - academic year [12-13, 13-14, 14-15, 15-16, 16-17]
Year - calendar year [2013, 2014, 2015, 2016]
Month - month (number) [1 to 12]
Day - day (number) [1 to 31]
Section - section abbreviation [CH, ESC, GM, IF, SIE, SV]
Level - students' level [BA2, BA3, MA]
Language - course's language [FR or EN]
DeviceID - clicker's ID [(unique ID within a session)]
Q1 - answers to question 1 [A, B, C, D, E]
Q2 - answers to question 2 [A, B, C, D]
Q3 - answers to question 3 [A or B]
Q4 - answers to question 4 [A or B]
Q5 - answers to question 5 [A or B]
Q6 - answers to question 6 [A or B]
Q7 - answers to question 7 [A or B]
Q8 - answers to question 8 [A or B]
Q9 - answers to question 9 [A or B]
Q8-9 - answers to the question 8-9 (merge) [A or B]
Q10 - answers to question 10 [1, 2]
Q11 - answers to question 11 [A or B]
Q12 - answers to question 12 [A, B]

Section abbreviation meaning
* CH: chemistry
* ESC: school of criminal justice (Unil)
* GM: mechanical engineering
* IF: financial engineering
* SIE: environmental engineering
* SV: life sciences

Level meaning  
* BA2: 2nd year of Bachelor
* BA3: 3rd year of Bachelor
* MA: Master level

Question types
For some questions, multiple answers were allowed: Q1, Q2, Q10 & Q12.   
Half of the questions have only one correct answer, true or false: Q3, Q5, Q6, Q7, Q8, Q9 & Q8-9.   
Finally, for 2 questions only one answer was accepted, but there is not only one correct answer: Q4 & Q11.


Except otherwise stated below, all sessions were conducted like the original one: Q1 to Q12 (no Q8-9).
The original French version of the quiz has been translated into English for a few sessions with Master students.
For sessions 14 and 20, Q5 was removed and Q8 & Q9 were merged in Q8-9.   
Session 18 was a short one with only 7 sevens questions: Q1, Q2, Q3, Q4, Q6, Q7 & Q9.   


If you have any question about these data, contact formations.bib@epfl.ch.





CC BY 4.0