Tożsamość współczesnych nomadów jako problem polskiej literatury migracyjnej

2018-03-20T00:00:00Z (GMT) by Magdalena Jaremek

The article concerns selected literary works of Polish writers which take up the
subject of migration after Poland’s accession to the European Union. The author
places the Polish writing in Great Britain and Ireland in the context of global geopolitical
inequalities. These inequalities tend to affect mutual perceptions of the
nations and ethnic groups concerned whose identities clash in the cultural melting
pot of the British Isles. The departure point is the difference between the contemporary
‘migration literature’ and the literature of the émigré circles of the 19th
and 20th century. The author identifies the following important issues in these
contemporary narrations: the nomadic status of the migrant, the relation between the (Western) centre and the (Polish) periphery, between the homeland and the
exile, between the subject’s feeling at home and perceiving otherness. These binarisms,
so characteristic of postcolonial writing, constitute transnational forms of
identity. Two extreme attitudes which are present in the discussed works, namely
nationalism and cosmopolitanism, are suggested to be interpreted as manifestations
of “in-between” identity.